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 Will gay rights trump religious freedom?

09.11.19 In Australia, people who are gay, lesbian or bisexual are protected from discrimination by law.
The Sex Discrimination Act makes it unlawful to treat a person less favorably than another person in a similar situation because of their sexual orientation. Australia forbids child marriage, polygamous marriage, but allows gay marriage with all rights.
A school can require that all its teachers are female but will pay a high price if a man they reject is gay, the same applies to religious schools. No one should be forced to hire anyone, regardless of their personage, people either fit the job in the mind of the employer or they don’t. Likewise, no one should be forced to deal with any one.
Luke Goodrich discusses what can happen when people are forced to deal with others against their wishes:Julea Ward was a master’s student in the counseling program at East­ern Michigan University, a few credits shy of graduating with a 3.9 GPA. One of her final tasks was to counsel real clients under faculty supervision.
She counseled her first two clients without incident. But as she re­viewed the file before meeting her third client, she learned he was a gay man seeking counseling for a same-sex relationship. Ward was happy to counsel gay clients about a wide variety of life issues, but her religious be­liefs wouldn’t allow her to affirm a same-sex relationship. So she asked her faculty supervisor whether she could refer the client to another counselor.
Her supervisor wasn’t happy. She assigned the client to another coun­selor but told Ward she was guilty of discrimination based on sexual orien­tation and would need to undergo a faculty review. During the review, Ward made it clear she was willing to counsel gay clients on a variety of issues. But her conscience wouldn’t allow her to affirm a same-sex relation­ship. The faculty concluded that Ward was guilty of discrimination and expelled her from the university.
Ward then filed a lawsuit, arguing that her expulsion violated her reli­gious freedom. I helped her lawyers refine their legal arguments, and a federal court ultimately ruled in Ward’s favor. The court recognized that counselors are allowed to refer clients to another counselor for a variety of reasons. For example, they can refer a client who is terminally ill and wants to explore assisted suicide if they can’t in good conscience counsel a client in ending his life. They can refer a client who is grieving if they recently experienced a similar loss and are grieving themselves. They can refer a cli­ent who is seeking forms of therapy that may be harmful. In fact, the counseling code of ethics allows referral anytime a counselor is unable “to be of professional assistance to clients.”
Given all these permissible referrals, the fact that the university punished Ward for her religiously motivated referral suggested that the university was discriminating against her because of her religious beliefs. “Tolerance,” the court said, “is a two-way street.”
After the court’s ruling, the university erased the expulsion from Ward’s record.
Protecting Conscience
Ward’s case offers an example of how the “abortion” model can resolve conflicts between gay rights and religious freedom. In the abortion con­text, the law recognizes a right to abortion, but it also recognizes the right of conscientious objectors to live by a different moral view. It allows con­scientious objectors to step aside. This doesn’t mean doctors can stop women from getting abortions, but it means they can’t be forced to participate.
In the same way, the law may recognize the right of individuals to enter various sexual relationships, but it can also recognize the right of conscientious objectors to live by a different moral view. It can allow con­scientious objectors to step aside. This doesn’t mean counselors can berate same-sex couples or try to force them to abandon same-sex relationships, but it means they can’t be forced to further those relationships. Counselors like Ward should be allowed to step aside.
This sort of compromise makes sense for several reasons. First, it re­spects the basic human rights of conscientious objectors. For years, gay-rights advocates have sought to protect the dignity of LGBT individuals. They’ve argued that sexual orientation is a core aspect of human identity and that no one should be penalized because of her sexual orientation or choice of sexual partners. Now that the law recognizes same-sex marriage, conscientious objectors are asking for the same kind of protection. They argue that religion is a core aspect of human identity and that no one should be penalized because of his religious beliefs or practices. Protecting conscientious objectors ensures that religious people are not forced to vio­late a core aspect of their humanity.
Second, this sort of compromise reduces social conflict. Our society is deeply divided over the morality of abortion and sex. Some people believe abortion is permissible and same-sex relationships are good. Others believe abortion is murder and same-sex relationships are immoral. That division isn’t going away anytime soon. Given that division, we have to find a way for these groups to live together in peace. Protecting conscientious objec­tion does just that.
Finally, at a purely practical level, everyone is better off when conscien­tious objectors are protected. As law professor Douglas Laycock, a leading scholar and supporter of gay rights, has said, “No same-sex couple in its right mind would want to be counseled by a counselor who believes that the couple’s relationship is fundamentally wrong.” The couple would be better served by a counselor who is sympathetic to their views. Similarly, many religious people want counselors who share their religious views. Protecting conscientious objectors ensures that everyone will have a diverse range of counselors to choose from.
In short, in a society that is deeply divided over human sexuality, the abortion model does the best job of respecting both sides. Same-sex cou­ples are free to live according to their views; religious people are free to live according to theirs. The government doesn’t force either side to violate their deeply held beliefs about human sexuality.
Why would anyone object to this kind of compromise?
{ 2 comments… add one }
  • Aktosplatz 09/11/2019, 9:52 am

    Gay rights have already over-ridden religious freedom, in the Israel Folau case and Australian Rugby (Union).

  • Bwana Neusi 09/11/2019, 1:41 pm

    So, you want a relationship with the partners of your choice – I have no problem with that, nor do most of the population.
    But you want a ‘Sexual’ relationship with your party of choice – now thats a little different.
    So you are LGBTIQ?? and you wish to stick some phallic device into other’s orifices, or you want to reverse the alimentary process poking stuff into the wrong orifice. Sorry, but I find that squeamishly unnatural, or as the victorians put it “Against the natural order”
    But now not content with that, you demand that three year olds be told of the joys of such perverted actions – Now that ranks as child abuse of the innocent.

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